Molar Pregnancy: Types, Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

There are certain types of abnormal pregnancies that most of us do know about. One such is Molar Pregnancy, which is not a good one. In this post, you will get to know about what is Molar Pregnancy along with its types, causes and treatment methods.

What is Molar Pregnancy?

The condition when a tissue is developed into abnormal growth in the uterus instead of developing into a fetus is known as Molar pregnancy.  It is referred as Genetic Disorder which is an unsuccessful pregnancy.  Usually, the fertilized egg will result in normal pregnancy.  But in molar pregnancy, it will make the placenta to grow into an abnormal mass of cysts.

Molar pregnancy is also known as Hydatidiform mole. It causes a non-cancerous tumour.  But some of this type of pregnancy may cause cancer.  Molar pregnancy which is also simply referred as Mole can risk the lives of a person if it left untreated.

Also Read: 5 Homemade Pregnancy Tests

Types of Molar Pregnancy

The molar pregnancy which is also known as Gestational Trophoblastic Disease (GTD) is divided into two types as:

  1. Complete Molar Pregnancy
  2. Partial molar pregnancy

In a normal pregnancy, the fetus contains two sets of chromosomes that is 46 (23 from mother and 23 from father). But the chromosomal number will be in abnormal range In the case of a complete or partial type of molar pregnancy.

Complete molar pregnancy:

  • There will be no placental tissue or embryo present in complete molar pregnancy
  • It consists of two set copies of chromosomes from the father but none from the mother.
  • The sperm will produce fertilized egg with no genetic information.

Partial molar pregnancy:

  • There will be a placental tissue present among the abnormal tissue clusters along with embryo.
  • The embryo may not develop into fetus because of malfunction and it can’t survive.
  • It consists of two set of chromosomes from father and one set of chromosome from mother.
  • Two sperms will produce a fertilized egg.

Causes of Molar Pregnancy

  1. Age:
  • Women with middle age or older age (30 to 45) can easily affected by this type of pregnancy.
  1. Previous History:
  • Women who already get affected with molar pregnancy will be an easy victim.
  • One who experienced with miscarriage will also face this type of pregnancy.
  1. Low diet:
  • Women who have the deficiency of carotene which is the form of vitamin A will increase the risk of having a molar pregnancy.

Symptoms of Molar Pregnancy

There are some signs and symptoms which can reveal the molar pregnancy.  Some of them are as follows:

  • Vaginal bleeding – which is high in complete molar pregnancy than partial molar pregnancy.
  • Abnormal growth of uterus – much larger in complete molar pregnancy whereas much smaller in partial molar pregnancy.
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • No movement of fetal
  • Heart tone cannot be detected
  • Increase in HCG level – which results in enlarged ovaries
  • High blood pressure
  • Grapes like tissues will be discharged from vagina
  • Thyroid problem

Full list: Pregnancy Symptoms

Molar Pregnancy Treatment Methods

Once the molar pregnancy can be diagnosed by pelvic exam, ultrasound, blood test, etc., it can be treated as follows:

  • Sometimes molar pregnancy can be cured by the discharge of grape like tissues.
  • It can also be treated with the help of medication.
  • It can also cured by removing the embryo and placenta through D&C method (Dilation and Curettage).
  • The growth of molar pregnancy can also treated with the process called vacuum aspiration.

I hope this articles helped you learn more about Molar Pregnancy.

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